Translation by Scott Humor
The Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation is open to an equal dialog to ensure military security
The progressive and balanced development of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation is aimed at ensuring the peaceful social and economic development of our country.
On December 17, the Chief of the General staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and the First Deputy Minister of Defense of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Army General Valery Gerasimov, met with representatives of the military diplomatic corps accredited in Russia. Arrived at the invitation of the Russian military Department in the National Defense Control Center of the Russian Federation foreign military attachés were briefed by the Chief of the General Staff about the results of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation activities in the past year and plans for next year. The event was attended by about 150 representatives of the military diplomatic corps from more than 70 countries.
This year, the Ministry of defense of the Russian Federation solved many problems, continued the systematic development of the Armed Forces, said army General Valery Gerasimov. In the strategic Missile forces, three missile regiments have been re-equipped with modern YARS missile systems. The creation of the Avangard missile system with an intercontinental ballistic missile equipped with a hypersonic gliding cruise combat unit has been completed. The first missile regiment armed with this complex will soon take its combat duty.
Since the beginning of December, the Peresvet laser systems have been on combat duty in the positional areas of mobile ground missile systems with the task of covering their maneuver actions.
The state of Russia’s strategic nuclear forces ensures the solution of deterrence tasks.
The Maritime Strategic Nuclear forces, continuous combat duty is provided by strategic missile submarines with periodic patrols at sea, including under the ice of the Arctic.
At the final stage are the state tests of the lead submarine of the project 955A “Prince Vladimir.” By the end of this year, it will join the combat strength of the Navy. Construction of four more nuclear-powered submarines of this project continues.
The potential of the aviation strategic nuclear forces is supported by the modernization of the Tu-160 and Tu-95MS missile carriers. A serial production of strategic missile carriers Tu-160M has been launched, which in the coming years will begin to enter service with long-range aviation.
In general, the state of strategic nuclear forces provides a solution to the problems of deterrence. At the same time, their development is conducted in strict accordance with international obligations defined by the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty.
At the same time, the situation with the future of this agreement remains uncertain. It expires in 2021. On December 5, the President of the Russian Federation confirmed Russia’s readiness to extend the START-3 Treaty until the end of this year. However, a clear position on the part of the United States regarding its extension is not stated. All this creates additional uncertainty in the field of nuclear arms control.
This year, the aerospace defense, which is based on the Aerospace forces, has been comprehensively developed. Another spacecraft of the Unified Space System has been launched, which has significantly increased our capabilities for the guaranteed detection of ballistic missile launches. Two anti-aircraft missile regiments were re-equipped with the S-400 complex.
Since December 1st, Konteyner over-the-horizon radar (OTHR), a radar station for over-the-horizon detection of air targets, was placed on a combat duty in Kovylkino (Mordovia) It provides control of airspace in the Western and Southern strategic aerospace directions at a distance of up to 2,000 km from our border.
The tasks of experimental combat duty are being worked out by the aviation missile complex “Dagger” equipped with hypersonic missiles. Launches of these missiles were carried out at sites located in various climatic conditions, including the Arctic. At the same time, the airfield network is also developing, which provides for an expansion of geography in application of this complex.
Aviation compounds and military units for the year received 139 modern aircraft. Tests of the fifth-generation SU-57 aircraft continue. They were re-tested in Syria, during which all planned tasks were successfully completed.
General-purpose forces development continues as planed. An experience received during recent armed conflicts, and, particularly, during the operation to combat terrorists in Syria, has given a new impetus to improve the system of fire destruction of the enemy. To increase its effectiveness, special attention is paid to the development of high-precision long-range air, sea and land-based weapons.
At the same time, all development of missiles in the Russian Federation had been being conducted within strict frames of the provisions of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty INF.
For a number of years Russia’s Defense Ministry made efforts to preserve the INF. In particular, several rounds of consultations were held with our American partners. During these meetings, the Russian side provided exhaustive explanations on the characteristics of our ground-based cruise missiles in order to remove groundless accusations by the United States of alleged violations of the INF Treaty by Russia. Moreover, Russia has shown unprecedented openness and held a demonstration of the 9m729 missile, which was a cause of concern for the West.
However, our initiatives were ignored by the American side. On August 2, 2019, under a far-fetched pretext, Washington unilaterally withdrew from the Treaty.
This shows that the true goal of the United States was to eliminate bans and restrictions on building up their missile capabilities. Confirmation was carried out by the Pentagon two weeks after the termination of the INF Treaty test launching a cruise missile from a ground mobile launcher at a range of more than 500 km.
Even so, Russia opposes the deployment of a new arms race. This is confirmed by the proposal of the President of the Russian Federation on the non-deployment of medium-and shorter-range missiles in Europe and other regions.
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The Chief of the General Staff told to the representatives of the military diplomatic corps that in 2019, the re-equipment of the Land Forces and Air Forces with modern armored vehicles, high-precision missile and anti-aircraft missile systems as well as electronic warfare systems and control systems continued as planed. During this year, formations and military units received more than 3,300 new and upgraded weapons.
At the end of the year, the Navy will receive 25 ships, combat boats and support vessels, including 5 carriers equipped with the Kalibr missile system. In addition, since this year, the rate of ship building for the far sea zone has been increased. All of them will be equipped with high-precision long-range missiles. The Coastal troops took the delivers of the coastal anti-ship missile systems Bal and Bastion.
In general, an implementation of measures of the state defense order for the current year allowed to re-equip more than 30 different formations and military units, while the share of modern weapons in the Armed Forces amounted to more than 68 percent. In the future, their re-equipment will be continued. By the end of next year, the level of modern weapons and equipment will be brought to 70 percent.
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Combat training remains a priority for the Armed Forces, the Chief of the General Staff said. The main venue of this year drills has become a strategic exercise Tsentr-2019 (Center-2029). It was attended by military contingents of seven foreign states members of the CSTO and SCO. The troops operated on the territory of four of those states (Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan). The emphasis during the drills was on the issues of jointed planning and management of troops in conduct of military operations that had needed to be worked out. All control bodies and military contingents successfully coped with the tasks set during exercises, the level of their operational and tactical compatibility has significantly increased. During the exercise “Ocean shield,” the Navy worked out actions of inter-fleet groups in the ocean zone.
The final event in the annual cycle of training of the Armed Forces was the strategic command and staff exercise Thunder-2019 focused on the management of strategic offensive forces with the implementation of practical launches of cruise and ballistic missiles of various platforms.. Next year, the main event of training of the Armed Forces will be Strategic Command and Staff Exercise Caucasus-2020. This excise also will be attended by the military contingents of foreign state.
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One of the most important tasks of the Armed Forces remains assisting the Syrian government in the fight against international terrorist organizations, said Army General Valery Gerasimov. As you know, the active phase of the operation to eliminate terrorist groups in Syria was completed in December 2017. With the support of the Russian aerospace forces, most of the country’s territory was liberated and returned under the control of the Syrian government.
The implementation of the agreements reached on October 22 this year in Sochi between the presidents of Russia and Turkey allowed to stabilize the situation in the North-East of Syria. Kurdish self-defense units have been withdrawn 30 km from the Syrian-Turkish border, and Syrian border troops and Russian military police have been deployed to the cantons of Kobani and al-Jazeera. A joint Russian-Turkish patrol was organized. Since November 3, the joint Russian-Turkish coordination center has been functioning successfully.
Peaceful life is being established in the regions of Zayevfratye. Humanitarian and medical assistance is being provided to the population of the North-Eastern provinces, and social infrastructure there is being restored.
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In the Idlib de-escalation zone, radicals continue shelling Syrian army positions and settlements, resulting in deaths of both soldiers and civilians. In order to normalize the situation in this area, the Russian side continues to work closely with Turkish colleagues implement the provisions of the Sochi Memorandum of 2018.
As part of the political settlement process in the Syrian Arab Republic, with the efforts of the countries of the Astana Format and the support of the United Nations was created and started working Syrian Constitutional Committee. The presence of a new platform gives the Syrians themselves an opportunity to develop approaches to constitutional reform and further development of the state.
In the interests of establishing a peaceful life, the Russian Defense Ministry continues to actively assist the Syrian government in the return of refugees. The Interdepartmental Coordination headquarters for the return of refugees in Moscow and the reception, distribution and accommodation Centre for refugees in Damascus address these issues effectively. In a year and a half they assisted in return to Syria more than 495 thousand refugees. A total of 1.3 million internally displaced persons returned to their pre-war homes.
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The situation in the Rukban refugee camp, located in the U.S.-controlled area of Al-TANF, continues to be of serious concern. Theft, violence, slavery and human trafficking are widespread in the camp. The Syrian government declared full readiness to receive people from this camp, confirmed security guarantees at all stages of their withdrawal. At the same time, the armed groups controlling Ruban are preventing the return of refugees.
A critical situation remains in the largest refugee camp, al-Khol (al-Hawl) which is located in the province of Hasakeh on the territory also controlled by the United States. According to available information, al-Khol, is home to about 70 thousand people, of which more than half are children. Overpopulation, difficult sanitary and epidemiological situation, lack of medicines lead to a constant increase in social, ethnic and religious tensions among the inhabitants of the camp, which contributes to their radicalization.
The main factor negatively affecting the resolution of the Syrian crisis is an illegitimate presence of foreign military contingents on the territory of the Republic. U.S. Army units continue to control the northeast of the country oil fields, thereby encouraging illegal production and sale of petroleum products.
The Russian side believes that such actions, as well as the military assistance provided to the Kurdish formations, increasing the conflict potential between them and the Turkish units. At the same time, what remains in Zaevfratye is the potential of terrorist groups on the territories not controlled by the government.
The intervention of Washington and its allies in the internal Affairs of the Middle East, North Africa and Central Asia has led to formation of hotbeds of conflicts and increased tensions in these regions. A similar scenario is developing in some Latin American countries.
The intervention of Washington and its allies in the internal affairs of the nations in the Middle East, North Africa and Central Asia has led to formation of hotbeds of conflicts and increased tensions in these regions. A similar scenario is developing in some Latin American countries.
NATO’s activities continue to have a serious impact on the security situation. In the Brussels’ doctrinal documents, Russia is assigned the status of an enemy. During the past London NATO summit (3-4 December) it was announced a completion of sett up the NATO Response Force (NRF) and means for high availability in the framework of the Four Thirties, as well as significant improvements in prompt movement of troops to gain on the “Eastern flank” of the Alliance.
Since 2016, the bloc’s member States have increased defense spending by a total of $130 billion, and military spending is projected to increase by $400 billion by 2024. In order to ensure dominance in space, the NATO Summit decided to recognize outer space as a separate sphere of warfare on a par with land, air, sea and cyberspace.
Work continues on the deployment of US anti-ballistic missiles components in Europe. In the Baltic States and Poland, the waters of the Black and Baltic seas, military activity is increasing, the intensity of military exercises of the bloc is increasing. Their scenarios point to NATO’s deliberate preparation to engage its troops in a large-scale military conflict.
At the same time, the Western allies are advancing their thesis of the so-called Russian military threat. Any Russia’s step in the field of ensuring its military security, any planned and transparently conducted event in the construction of the Army and Navy, every our exercise by Western propagandists and fake media clearly present as a “threat to the world.”
The Alliance’s actions increase tensions and reduce the level of security on the Russia-NATO contact line, the Chief of the General staff concluded.
Reducing the risks of dangerous incidents in the military sphere should remain the most important area of dialog between Russia on the one hand, the United States and NATO on the other, said army General Valery Gerasimov. It is necessary to resume cooperation between Russia and NATO in order to resolve the accumulated problematic issues. Russia still considers relevant the initiative on mandatory use of transponders by the air force of the NATO bloc and the VKS of Russia when flying over the Baltic Aea. There is a need to improve mechanisms to prevent dangerous military activities, including clarifying the order of exchange of signals and determining the minimum permissible distances between warships and aircraft.
To Be Continued…